What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking amoxicillin (Amoxil)?
Do not use this medication if you are allergic to amoxicillin or to any other penicillin antibiotic, such as:
- ampicillin (Principen, Unasyn)
- dicloxacillin (Dycill, Dynapen);
- oxacillin (Bactocill); or
- penicillin (Bicillin L-A, PC Pen VK, Pfizerpen), and others.
To make sure you can safely take amoxicillin, tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs (especially cephalosporins such as Omnicef, Cefzil, Ceftin, Keflex, and others), or if you have any of these other conditions:
- liver disease;
- kidney disease;
- mononucleosis (also called "mono");
- a history of diarrhea caused by taking antibiotics; or
- a history of any type of allergy.
FDA pregnancy category B. Amoxicillin is not expected to harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant during treatment.
Amoxicillin can make birth control pills less effective. Ask your doctor about using a non-hormone method of birth control (such as a condom, diaphragm, spermicide) to prevent pregnancy while taking amoxicillin.
Amoxicillin can pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby. Do not use this medication without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.
The amoxicillin chewable tablet may contain phenylalanine. Talk to your doctor before using this form of amoxicillin if you have phenylketonuria (PKU).
How should I take amoxicillin (Amoxil)?
Take exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not take in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label.
You may take amoxicillin with or without food.
Shake the oral suspension (liquid) well just before you measure a dose. Measure the liquid with a special dose-measuring spoon or medicine taking cup, not with a regular table spoon. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist for one.
You may place the liquid directly on the tongue, or you may mix it with water, milk, baby formula, fruit juice, or ginger ale. Drink all of the mixture right away. Do not save any for later use.
The chewable tablet should be chewed before you swallow it.
Do not crush, chew, or break an extended-release tablet. Swallow it whole. Breaking the pill may cause too much of the drug to be released at one time.
To be sure this medicine is helping your condition and is not causing harmful effects, your blood will need to be tested often. Your liver and kidney function may also need to be tested. Visit your doctor regularly.
If you are being treated for gonorrhea, your doctor may also have you tested for syphilis, another sexually transmitted disease.
If you are taking amoxicillin with clarithromycin and/or lansoprazole to treat stomach ulcer, use all of your medications as directed. Read the medication guide or patient instructions provided with each medication. Do not change your doses or medication schedule without your doctor's advice.
Take this medication for the full prescribed length of time. Your symptoms may improve before the infection is completely cleared. Amoxicillin will not treat a viral infection such as the common cold or flu.
Do not share this medication with another person, even if they have the same symptoms you have.
This medication can cause unusual results with certain medical tests. Tell any doctor who treats you that you are using amoxicillin.
Store at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light.
You may store liquid amoxicillin in a refrigerator but do not allow it to freeze. Throw away any liquid amoxicillin that is not used within 14 days after it was mixed at the pharmacy.
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