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Single dose azithromycin uti dosage

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Warnings

Important warnings

  • Antibiotic-associated diarrhea warning: Almost all antibiotics, including azithromycin, can cause diarrhea. It may cause mild diarrhea to severe inflammation of your colon, which can cause death. Call your doctor if you have severe diarrhea or diarrhea that lasts after you stop taking this drug.
  • Liver problems warning: In rare cases, this drug can cause liver problems. If you already have liver disease, it could make your liver function worse. Your doctor may need to monitor your liver function. They may do blood tests to check how well your liver is working. If your liver isn’t working well, your doctor may have you stop taking this drug.

About

What is azithromycin?

Azithromycin is a prescription drug. It’s available as an:

  • oral tablet
  • oral suspension
  • extended-release oral suspension
  • eye drop
  • intravenous form that a healthcare provider can give

The oral tablet is available as a generic drug as well as the brand-name drug Zithromax. Generic drugs usually cost less than the brand-name version.

Why it’s used

Azithromycin is used to treat certain infections caused by bacteria. It should not be used to treat infections caused by viruses, such as the common cold. Azithromycin may be used in combination with other antibiotics when it’s used to treat mycobacterium avium complex infection.

How it works

Azithromycin works by stopping bacteria from multiplying. This kills the bacteria and treats your infection.

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Side effects

Azithromycin side effects

Azithromycin oral tablet doesn’t cause drowsiness but it can cause other side effects.

More common side effects

The more common side effects of azithromycin oral tablet can include:

If these effects are mild, they may go away within a few days or a couple of weeks. If they’re more severe or don’t go away, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.

Serious side effects

Call your doctor right away if you have serious side effects. Call 911 if your symptoms feel life-threatening or if you think you’re having a medical emergency. Serious side effects can include:

  • liver problems, with symptoms such as:
  • QT prolongation, which can cause fast or irregular heart rhythm
  • allergic reactions, with symptoms such as:
    • trouble breathing
    • swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat
    • hives
    • severe skin reactions, such as Stevens-Johnson syndrome, acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP), or toxic epidermal necrolysis, which can cause symptoms such as red, blistering skin or skin sloughing (shedding dead skin cells)
  • Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (in newborns). Symptoms can include:
    • vomiting after eating
    • irritability with feeding
    • lack of weight gain

If you have an allergic reaction, call your doctor or local poison control center right away. If your symptoms are severe, call 911 or go to the nearest emergency room. Don’t take this drug again if you’ve ever had an allergic reaction to it. Taking it again could cause death.

Disclaimer: Our goal is to provide you with the most relevant and current information. However, because drugs affect each person differently, we cannot guarantee that this information includes all possible side effects. This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Always discuss possible side effects with a healthcare provider who knows your medical history.

Interactions

Azithromycin may interact with other medications

Azithromycin oral tablet can interact with other medications, vitamins, or herbs you may be taking. An interaction is when a substance changes the way a drug works. This can be harmful or prevent the drug from working well.

To help avoid interactions, your doctor should manage all of your medications carefully. Be sure to tell your doctor about all medications, vitamins, or herbs you’re taking. If you have questions about whether a drug you're taking might interact with azithromycin, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.

Interactions that increase your risk of side effects

Taking azithromycin with certain medications raises your risk of side effects from these drugs. Examples include:

Nelfinavir: Taking this drug with azithromycin may cause liver or hearing problems. Your doctor will monitor you for these side effects.

Warfarin: Taking this drug with azithromycin may increase bleeding. Your doctor will monitor you closely if you take these drugs together.

Disclaimer: Our goal is to provide you with the most relevant and current information. However, because drugs interact differently in each person, we cannot guarantee that this information includes all possible interactions. This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Always speak with your healthcare provider about possible interactions with all prescription drugs, vitamins, herbs and supplements, and over-the-counter drugs that you are taking.

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Other warnings

Azithromycin warnings

This drug comes with warnings for certain people.

For people with myasthenia gravis: This drug may make your symptoms worse.

For people with a history of abnormal heart rhythm: Ask your doctor if this drug is safe for you. If you have a prolonged QT interval, taking this drug can increase your risk of having an arrhythmia that may be fatal.

For seniors: The kidneys of older adults may not work as well as they used to. This can cause your body to process drugs more slowly. As a result, more of a drug stays in your body for a longer time. This raises your risk of side effects. If you’re older than 65 years, you may also have a higher risk of developing a heart rhythm problem called torsades de pointes while taking this drug.

For children: This drug hasn’t been studied in children younger than 6 months. It should not be used in children younger than 6 months.

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Pregnancy and breastfeeding

Pregnancy and breastfeeding

Azithromycin is a category B pregnancy drug. That means two things: Studies of the drug in animals have not shown a risk to pregnancy, and there aren’t enough studies done in pregnant women to show if the drug poses a risk.

Talk to your doctor if you’re pregnant or plan to become pregnant. This drug should be used only if clearly needed. 

Also talk to your doctor if you breastfeed your child. Azithromycin passes into breast milk. If you take this drug, it may cause side effects in your child. You may need to decide whether to stop breastfeeding or stop taking this medication.

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Dosage

How to take azithromycin

All possible dosages and drug forms may not be included here. Your dosage, drug form, and how often you take the drug will depend on:

  • your age
  • the condition being treated
  • how severe your condition is
  • other medical conditions you have
  • how you react to the first dose single dose azithromycin uti dosage

Forms and strengths

Generic: Azithromycin

  • Form: oral tablet
  • Strengths: 250 mg, 500 mg, 600 mg

Brand: Zithromax

  • Form: oral tablet
  • Strengths: 250 mg, 500 mg, 600 mg

For bronchitis

Adult dosage (ages 18 years and older)

Typical dosage is 500 mg once per day for three days. Your doctor may also prescribe 500 mg taken as a single dose on Day 1, followed by 250 mg once per day on Days 2–5.

For sinusitis

Adult dosage (ages 18 years and older)

Typical dosage is to take 500 mg once per day for three days.

Child dosage (ages 6 months–17 years)

Typical dosage is 10 mg/kg of body weight once per day for three days.

Child dosage (ages 0–6 months)

This drug should not be used in children who are younger than 6 months.

For skin and skin structure infections

Adult dosage (ages 18 years and older)

Your doctor may prescribe 500 mg taken in a single dose on day 1, followed by 250 mg once per day on days 2–5.

Child dosage (ages 0–6 months)

This drug should not be used in children who are younger than 6 months.

For urethritis and cervicitis

Adult dosage (ages 18 years and older)

If your infection isn’t caused by gonorrhea, you’ll typically take a single 1-gram dose. If you are treating a symptom of a gonorrhea infection, you’ll typically take a single 2-gram dose.

Child dosage (ages 0–6 months)

This drug should not be used in children who are younger than 6 months.

For genital ulcer disease

Adult dosage (ages 18 years and older)

The doctor will typically prescribe a single 1-gram dose.

Child dosage (ages 0–6 months)

This drug should not be used in children who are younger than 6 months.

For acute middle ear infection

Child dosage (ages 6 months–17 years)

The typical dosage is 30 mg/kg of body weight taken as a single dose. The doctor may also prescribe 10 mg/kg of body weight on day 1, followed by 5 mg/kg per day on days 2–5.

Child dosage (ages 0–6 months)

This drug should not be used in children who are younger than 6 months.

For community-acquired pneumonia

Adult dosage (ages 18 years and older)

Your doctor may prescribe 500 mg in a single dose on Day 1, followed by 250 mg once per day on Days 2–5.

Child dosage (ages 6 months–17 years)

Children of this age typically take 10 mg/kg of body weight in a single dose on day 1. Then they take 5 mg/kg once per day on days 2–5.

Child dosage (ages 0–6 months)

This drug should not be used in children who are younger than 6 months.

For mycobacterium avium complex disease

Adult dosage (ages 18 years and older)

For treatment, typical dosage is 600 mg once per day, taken with the drug ethambutol.

For prevention, typical dosage is 1,200 mg once per week.

Child dosage (ages 0–6 months)

This drug should not be used in children who are younger than 6 months.

For pharyngitis or tonsillitis

Adult dosage (ages 18 years and older)

Your doctor may prescribe 500 mg in a single dose on day 1, followed by 250 mg once per day on days 2–5.

Child dosage (ages 2–17 years)

The typical dosage is 12 mg/kg of body weight once per day for five days.

Child dosage (ages 0–2 years)

This drug should not be used for this condition in children who are younger than 2 years.

Disclaimer: Our goal is to provide you with the most relevant and current information. However, because drugs affect each person differently, we cannot guarantee that this list includes all possible dosages. This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Always to speak with your doctor or pharmacist about dosages that are right for you.

Take as directed

Take as directed

Azithromycin is used for short-term treatment. It comes with risks if you don’t take it as prescribed.

If you stop taking the drug or don’t take it at all: If you don’t take your medication, your infection may not improve or it may get worse.

If you miss doses or don’t take the drug on schedule: Your medication may not work as well or may stop working completely. For this drug to work well, a certain amount needs to be in your body at all times.

If you take too much: You could have dangerous levels of the drug in your body. This may cause liver damage or irregular heart rhythm.

If you think you’ve taken too much of this drug, call your doctor or local poison control center. If your symptoms are severe, call 911 or go to the nearest emergency room right away.

What to do if you miss a dose: Take your dose as soon as you remember. But if you remember just a few hours before your next scheduled dose, take only one dose. Never try to catch up by taking two doses at once. This could result in dangerous side effects.

How to tell if the drug is working: Your infection should go away.

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Overdose

In case of overdose

If you take too much azithromycin, you could have dangerous levels of the drug in your body. This may cause liver damage and irregular heart rhythm. If you think you’ve taken too much of this drug, call your doctor or local poison control center. If your symptoms are severe, call 911 or go to the nearest emergency room right away.

Important considerations

Important considerations for taking azithromycin

General

  • You can take this drug with or without food.
  • Do not cut or crush the tablet.

Storage

  • Store this drug at room temperature between 68ºF and 77ºF (20ºC and 25ºC). You can keep it briefly between 59ºF and 86ºF (15ºC and 30ºC).
  • Don’t store this medication in moist or damp areas, such as bathrooms.

Refills

A prescription for this medication is refillable. You should not need a new prescription for this medication to be refilled. Your doctor will write the number of refills authorized on your prescription.

Travel

When traveling with your medication, follow these tips:

  • Always carry your medication with you, such as in your carry-on bag.
  • Don’t worry about airport x-ray machines. They can’t hurt your medication.
  • You may need to show airport staff the pharmacy label for your medication. Always carry the original prescription-labeled box with you.
  • Don’t put this medication in your car’s glove compartment or leave it in the car. Be sure to avoid doing this when the weather is very hot or very cold.

Drug class

Azithromycin drug family

A family or class of drugs is a group of medications that work in a similar way. These drugs are often used to treat similar conditions.

Azithromycin belongs to a drug class called macrolide antibiotics. Antibiotics are drugs used to treat infections caused by bacteria. Each antibiotic only works against infections caused by certain types of bacteria, so there are many classes and types of antibiotics.

Macrolide antibiotics are typically used to treat infections such as strep throat, syphilis, Lyme disease, and respiratory infections. They’re also used to treat infections caused by organisms called mycoplasma, which can cause conditions such as pneumonia. The other macrolide antibiotics available in the United States are clarithromycin and erythromycin.

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Alternatives

Alternatives to azithromycin

There are other drugs available to treat your condition. Some may be better suited for you than others. Talk to your doctor about other drug options that may work for you.

Azithromycin vs. amoxicillin

Azithromycin vs. amoxicillin

When to call the doctor

Call your doctor if your infection isn’t improving after you’ve used this drug.


Source: http://www.healthline.com/health/azithromycin-oral-tablet


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